Art Therapy involves the therapeutic use of art (drawing, sketching, etc) in the scope of the therapist-client relationship, by individuals who suffer from psychological trauma or are in search of inner growth. It uses art as a means of communication which facilitates expression of emotions, in conjunction with traditional consulting and psychotherapy, to improve the individual's emotional and mental state.
In the Sandplay method, the client creates a “scene” by selecting from a large collection of figurines and arranging them freely in a tray of sand, in the presence of the therapist. The therapist initially acts as an observer, without commenting or providing any kind of guidance. The miniature figures serve as symbols or archetypes which the client can select from, forming – in a sense – a kind of internal “alphabet” from which he can begin to express him/herself.